http://www.novayagazeta.ru/economy/74178.html

August 17, 2016 Posted by otwatchweb

Солнечные перспективы грязной обочины

Как полпред Трутнев поблагодарил китайскую корпорацию за «вклад в охрану природы» и пообещал содействовать ей в строительстве ГЭС на Амуре, проект которой заворачивали уже 5 раз

 

July 18, 2016 Posted by otwatchweb

For Immediate Release
Defending Human Rights in Development

Global Call to Ensure Local Communities’ Role in Bank-Financed Projects
(Washington, July 14, 2016) – Development banks should respect human rights in their investments around the world and ensure their activities are not putting human rights defenders at risk, the Coalition for Human Rights in Development said today in a joint petition signed by over 150 development, human rights, and environment groups.

Major development banks have long touted the importance of public participation for effective development, the organizations said. But a growing number of governments have been shrinking the space for safe and effective participation in development processes through criminalizing activities by land, environment, and human rights activists and adopting restrictions on nongovernmental groups.

“I hope that civil society will have the opportunity to contribute towards sustainable development,” said Abhijeet, an Indigenous community member in Nepal who does not want his identity disclosed for security concerns. “Unfortunately, the fundamental human rights of many peoples are being systemically violated as a result of development projects. And when we help communities defend their rights we are met with threats and violent attacks.”

The petition is directed to international financial institutions (IFIs), including the World Bank, African, Asian, European, and Inter-American Development Bank, as well as the newest institutions, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, and BRICS New Development Bank.

In March 2016, Berta Cáceres, a renowned indigenous land rights and environmental defender in Honduras, was killed in the middle of the night as she slept in her bed. Two of those facing charges for Cáceres’ murder were employees of a company involved in the construction of the Agua Zarca dam, a project that Cáceres and her organization, Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH), have long opposed and campaigned against. The murder sparked a high-profile movement to demand accountability of the Dutch, Finnish, and Central American banks financing Agua Zarca for failure to ensure their investments weren’t fueling human rights abuses.

But as recent reports have documented, the Cáceres case is not unique.

“In Uzbekistan, the World Bank is pouring money into projects that benefit the government’s abusive cotton sector, marred primarily by systemic forced labor,” said Dmitry Tikhonov, an Uzbek human rights defender who is in exile following government reprisals. “The World Bank has not taken any meaningful measures to ensure that independent human rights defenders like me can monitor for abuses linked to the projects they fund. Nor have Bank staff spoken out against the government’s attacks on my colleagues and I.”

Human Rights Watch has recently documented numerous abuses against individuals and communities impacted by projects financed by the World Bank and its arm for corporate loans, the International Finance Corporation.

“Those who try to engage in development processes have suffered threats, harassment, physical assault, or worse,” said Jessica Evans, senior international financial institutions advocate at Human Rights Watch. “Development banks have a responsibility to ensure that their investments don’t interfere with human rights, and that people can participate in or express their opinions about development projects without fearing for their safety.”

The joint petition – International Financial Institutions’ responsibility to ensure Meaningful and Effective Participation – details ways in which the institutions should “ensure that the activities they finance respect human rights and that there are spaces for people to participate in the development of IFI projects and hold IFIs to account without risking their security.” The organizations call on the financial institutions “to actively support the realization of rights to freedom of expression, assembly, and association, and related human rights, including economic, social and cultural rights in all their activities.”

“Development banks and their member states can’t hope to achieve sustainable development or eliminate poverty if their investments are contributing to human rights violations or if those who are meant to benefit from development find themselves subjected to abuse,” said Adam Shapiro, Head of Communications and Visibility for Front Line Defenders. “The banks should take responsibility for the outcomes of their investments and take meaningful action to safeguard human rights defenders on the ground.”

For more information and stories of human rights defenders, please visit:
www.rightsindevelopment.org/hrd

The Coalition for Human Rights in Development is a global coalition of social movements, civil society organizations and community groups working to ensure that all development finance institutions respect, protect, and fulfill human rights

Please follow the link to read about comments on Report of the Independent Environmental & Social

June 17, 2016 Posted by otwatchweb

CSO Comments on Sep 2015 IAR

Rio Tinto 2016 Annual General Meeting

May 14, 2016 Posted by otwatchweb

Download summaries and reports here: http://www.riotinto.com/investors/agm-5314.aspx

Bank Watch Report on EBRD

May 14, 2016 Posted by otwatchweb

Lost in transition – 25 years of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

After 25 years of EBRD lending, results for environmental, social and democratic development remain as elusive as ever in the bank’s countries of operation.

[Bank Watch’s] new report examines a selection of cases that highlight some of the weaknesses in the EBRD’s approach.

Centerra’s Kumtor Mine

January 19, 2016 Posted by otwatchweb

Centerra-handout-may-2015 (1)

Briefing: Centerra Gold’s proposed gold mine in Gatsuurt, Mongolia, and the proposed EBRD loan

January 19, 2016 Posted by otwatchweb

Centerra Gold in Mongolia 18Jan2015

Khanbogd Mining Effects Comparison Report, May 2012 and May 2015

January 19, 2016 Posted by otwatchweb

Khanbogd Mining Effects Comparison Report May 2012 and May 2015

Sara L. Jackson, Ph.D.

Metropolitan State University of Denver

Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

 

Overview

This short report makes general comparisons between fieldwork observations made in May 2012 and May 2015. The three-year gap in research suggests that there have been positive changes (namely paved roads and increased electricity access), but that water and pasture continue to be major concerns for local residents, particularly among nomadic herders. Perceptions of pasture degradation and water quantity decreases demonstrate that current mining company and government policies have not significantly reduced local concerns about the impacts of mining on the environment and local livelihoods. Despite company attempts to facilitate improved rangeland management planning and to provide alternative water resources, the situation for herders, local participants frequently described the situation as “critical.” This report illustrates perceptions of pasture, water, and herders’ livelihoods, following a brief discussion of methods.

Sign the Petition for Norway to Divest from Fossil Fuels

May 1, 2015 Posted by otwatchweb

Fossil Free Norway

Russian and Mongolian Groups Oppose World Bank Funding To Hydro Dams on Mongolia’s Largest Rivers for Mining and Energy Projects

March 2, 2015 Posted by otwatchweb

Groups file petition with the Bank’s Inspection Panel to probe projects that directly threaten Lake Baikal

March 2, 2015

Ulaanbaatar – In mid-February, community representatives from Russia and Mongolia – along with several of environmental and human rights NGOs – submitted a request for an investigation to the World Bank’s independent accountability arm, the Inspection Panel. The complainants center on the Mongolian Mining Infrastructure Investment Support Project (MINIS). Specifically, they raise concerns regarding the Shuren Hydropower Plant and the Orkhon-Gobi Water Diversion. For example, the WB completely disregards its own operational policy OP 4.04 – Natural Habitats, when selecting the dam projects on unique rivers with globally endangered species as target for its technical assistance.

While the Bank is currently only funding the feasibility studies and the environmental and social impact assessments, the complainants and their supporting NGOs (Greenpeace Russia, Rivers Without Boundaries, and academics in Russia and Mongolia) are concerned that these will serve as a rubber-stamp for the Mongolian government to begin construction of these widely unpopular projects.

“These plans are extremely dangerous for the ecosystem of the Selenge, the largest river in Mongolia and Buryatia, but also for Lake Baikal, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Selenge is Lake Baikal’s main tributary. Inevitably, the lake’s fauna will be badly affected, the hydrological regime and the climate will change, and regional seismicity may rise. The Bank neglects its own policy on the access to information, project implementation controls and on the environmental and social safeguards. The UNESCO World Heritage Committee has already twice appealed to Mongolia emphasizing that under the Convention, the government should not undertake measures which might damage directly or indirectly the national heritage situated on the territory of other states parties to the Convention,” stated Greenpeace Russia. (more…)